"And G‑d said to Moses, They shall offer their offering, each prince on his day [in Hebrew, 'leyom'], for the dedicating of the altar." (Num. 7:11)

What does it mean "leyom" [literally "to the day"]? The text should have read "each prince on each day." Rabbi Yehuda said that these are the Higher Days that were inaugurated to be blessed in 12 directions that spread out, each rectified at the hands of those reflecting them below. We have learned that all are blessed because of the spiritual altar above [together with the angels], including the 12 tribes in this world and even the nations of the world are blessed from it.

The holy name Havayah…is reflected in the 12 princes of Israel….

Rabbi Yehuda is inferring that the text should have read "each prince on each day". The unusual wording hints at the 12 angels that are the vehicle for transmitting the sefira of malchut, which is carried by these angels and by the 12 permutations of the holy name Havayah. This spiritual vehicle is reflected in the 12 princes of Israel below in this world. Each prince represents his tribe and the source of the souls of that tribe is one of the 12 permutations. The princes each brought down one of these higher permutations by the offering that he bought at the inauguration of the Altar in the Tabernacle in the desert.

We have learned that Rebbe Shimon said that if these 12 princes hadn't brought up their offerings the world would not have been able to stand up against the 12 princes of Ishmael, as it is written: "These are the sons of Ishmael…12 princes according to their nations" (Gen. 25:16). When these princes of Israel brought their offerings they took the power of rulership from each of them, and this is why the text reads: "One prince to one day". Also everything that they offered corresponded to the spiritual offerings made Above in order that all would be blessed by the offering brought. "…sixty male goats, [were among the offerings]" (Num. 7:88) as is written "…sixty mighty men [in Hebrew, 'giborim'] surround her…" (Songs 3:7) These are from the side of gevura. "One golden spoon of ten shekels weight, full of incense;" (Num. 7:80) as we have learnt.

The sefira of gevura is sixth from malchut and is "sweetened" in all 10 of its components by the sixtyfold goat offerings and also by the ten shekel weight of gold which comes from the sefira of malchut of gevura.

How joyous is the lot of the righteous ones that the Holy One Blessed Be He channels blessings to them and hears their prayers and of them it is written: "He heeds the prayer of the destitute and will not despise their prayer." (Psalms 102:17)

If a person recounts the praise of his friend and doesn't confirm that and written "And you shall love the Lord your G‑d with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might." (Deut. 6:5)


Zohar, p. 148b; translation and commentary by Simcha-Shmuel Treister

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