Come and see: there are days and there are days. Workdays [relating to the sefirot: chesed, gevura, tiferet, netzch, hod, yesod of the other Side], as we learned, are outside for the nations. The six days of the week called Shabbat [relating to the sefirot: chesed, gevura, tiferet, netzch, hod, yesod of malchut] exist for Israel. When this point [of malchut] ascends [at the beginning of Shabbat], all [the other sefirot] are buried [inside it], and it goes up. Once it ascends, it is called Shabbat.

What is [meant by] "Shabbat"? You may say it is due to [G‑d] resting from work, as written, "because in it He rested," (Gen. 2:3) and this is correct. But the secret of the matter is that since that point [of malchut] ascended and its light is shining, it is adorned with the patriarchs. When it does so, it joins and unites with them to become one, and together everything is called Shabbat. "Shabbat" is composed of the letter Shin with 'bat' (meaning "daughter"). It has been explained that Shin refers to the secret of three [for the letter is composed of 3 lines] hinting to the 3 patriarchs [representing chesed, gevura, tiferet] who unite with the only daughter [malchut] and she is adorned with them [to receive from chochma and illuminate] and they [the patriarchs] are crowned in the World to Come [bina] and all is one. This is Shabbat/Shin-bat that all become one.

You may say that the Great Shabbat [bina] is high up [where chochma is concealed]. Why is it called Shabbat? The secret thereof is that the point is always the essence of the eye; it is called 'bat' (retina) as is written: "keep me as the apple of the eye (in Hebrew, 'bat-ayin', lit. daughter of the eye)." (Psalms 17:8) Since it is the essence of the eye, it is called 'bat'/daughter.

BeRahamim LeHayyim: What does the above mean to you, and why is it being revealed to you now?

Shabbat is where it's at. She is the all. She is the source of all blessing for the week. She is the daughter who rises to learn from her parents—all three of them: kindness/generosity from Abraham, discipline/surrender from Isaac, and beauty/balance from Jacob.

It is this ability of the point of malchut to want to improve, to grow, to elevate, that makes it possible to receive. For if one is full of oneself, there is no room for G‑d.

We must mirror the Holy Shabbat. We must prepare ourselves below, and thus pray to be sanctified from above. We must be the good daughter who honors her spiritual parents. The reward is a taste of the World to Come, with subsequent blessing for the entire week.

Bracketed annotations from Metok Midevash and Sulam commentaries
Copyright 2003 by, a project of Ascent of Safed (// All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this work or portions thereof, in any form, unless with permission, in writing, from Kabbala Online.