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The Temple sacrifices are a vehicle for Man to come close to G-d.

Unifying the Moon

Unifying the Moon

Based on Zohar Shemot 181A


Unifying the Moon: Based on Zohar Shemot 181A

The Temple sacrifices are a vehicle for Man to come close to G-d.
Unifying the Moon
The Temple sacrifices are a vehicle for Man to come close to G-d.

"And you take to you" (Ex. 28:1). Rabbi Shimon said: Moses who was [a chariot for the sefira of tiferet also known as] the sun, was not able to cause a unification in [malchut, which is called] the moon until he comprised all aspects of the secret meaning of the letter Vav [all 6 sefirot – but especially those higher than tiferetchesed and gevura – as well as netzach, hod, and yesod all included in tiferet, as alluded to by the gematria of vav that is 6], as we have established [upon expounding the conclusion of this verse previously: "And take to you" means to include within yourself, "Aaron your brother", the aspect of the priests which is chesed, "and his sons", with the aspect of the Levites which is gevura].

Come and see: it is written, "From among the children of Israel, that he may minister to Me" (Ibid.) 'To minister' is spelled with an extra Vav, 'for its service' - for the service of the letter Vav [which is Torah study], certainly for its service [to use] 'for Me' [malchut] which is the letter Hei, so as to bring the Vav to unite with the Hei, so everything will become one [in the secret of "G‑d (Vav/tiferet/Zeir Anpin) is One and His Name (malchut/Final Hei in the Name Havayeh) is One"].

Blessed are the children of Israel who entered [in the secrets of the Torah] and came out [in peace].

Blessed are the children of Israel who entered [in the secrets of the Torah] and came out [in peace]. They know the secrets of the ways of the Torah [and so can make correct new interpretations of it] so as to walk the true path.

Why "from among the children of Israel"? (Ibid.) Because all of the higher Faces/partzufim are only properly unified when they are from within the Children of Israel [those] from among the children of Israel [who keep Torah and mitzvot]. For the children of Israel stand below [to cause an arousal in the spiritual realms through their good deeds, and through this] - open the ways [from tiferet to malchut via the yesod, that is called a byway, and after] to illuminate the paths [those paths leading to the sefira of wisdom/chochma on the right] and kindle the lamps [the sefira of bina/understanding on the left] and take everything from below upwards, so that everything shall be one [in a higher level of consciousness]. Therefore, it is written: "But you who did cleave to the L-rd your G‑d [are alive - fully conscious - this day]" (Deut. 4:4).

[But how can this verse be explained as referring to a unification in malchut; "coming close" refers to one who is far away, and not unification?] Rabbi Shimon said: [unification means coming near for] all is brought near to the one who knows how to affect unity and to serve his Master, for when the sacrificial offering1 is found to be proper, everything is brought together as one [and all the different midot are included in each other]. The shining divine countenance is present in the world inside the Temple, and the Other Side is subdued and concealed, and the side of Holiness rules with light and joy.

But when the offering is not found to be proper or the unity was not properly affected, then the divine countenance is sad [the Divine Presence/Shechinah in the lower world is hidden] and the light is not prevalent. And the moon [the light of Shechinah] is concealed [it doesn't have influence] and the Other Side [of impurity] rules in the world, because there is no one who knows how to unite the Holy Name properly.

G‑d did not test the tests of other righteous people.

Rabbi Shimon said: G‑d did not test Job and did not bring him to a test like the tests of other righteous people. [Job's tests were not those of love, as of the other righteous, and did not cause the Shechinah to rise and be united with her mate, as tests of love do.] For is it not written of him: 'G‑d tested Job', as is written about Abraham: "G‑d tested Abraham" (Gen. 22:1), who offered his only son to Him with his own hand. Job did not give Him or hand Him anything, nor was it said to him [that he should give] but he was given over to the instigator through the judgment of G‑d, as He aroused the instigator against him, which he [the instigator, Satan] did not request. The instigator is constantly coming to denounce people but here, G‑d aroused the instigator against him, as is written: "Have you considered My servant Job" (Job 1:8) but this is a deep secret [for Job was used as a decoy to distract the accusing forces away from Israel as they left Egypt].

BeRahamim LeHayyim:

"If I am not for myself, who will be for me? And if I am for myself only, what am I? And if not now, when?" (Pirkei Avot 1:14)

I simply cannot get enough of this teaching! Above, it is revealed that Moses, our first and primary teacher, had to do his own work by healing his capacities for lovingkindness, severity, beauty, endurance, humility, and connection, before he could seek to unite with that which he wished to share. The "sun" had to perfect itself before illuminating the moon. Note, though, that this was the plan from the start, that Moses knew that he could not be for himself only, rather that he had to fix himself first. All of his work was with the goal of unity.

Sometimes we shelve important connections because we say we are "not ready." Perhaps so. But it is not for us to complete the work; the process of coming together is the work. Sadness is a trap for the unwary. Joy is a path to redemption.

Bracketed annotations from Metok Midevash and Sulam commentaries
Copyright 2003 by, a project of Ascent of Safed (// All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this work or portions thereof, in any form, unless with permission, in writing, from Kabbala Online.

The Hebrew word for sacrificial offering, "korban", comes from the root "karov" meaning near, for it is a vehicle for Man to come close to G‑d, as well as for the unification of G‑d's different aspects. In prayer, this sacrifice is of our own ego state, and is a requirement for merging with the sefira of wisdom, whose inner light is seen through self nullification which is required to experience true cleaving to G‑d.
Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai, also know by the acronym "Rashbi," lived in the Holy Land in the 2nd century C.E. A disciple of Rabbi Akiva, Rashbi played a key role in the transmission of Torah, both as an important Talmudic sage and as author of the Zohar, the most fundamental work of Kabbalah. He was buried in Meron, Israel, west of Safed.
Rahmiel-Hayyim Drizin is a devoted student of many of the leading teachers of Kabbala in English in Israel and the USA. He is a criminal defense lawyer who lives in Oak Park, Illinois with his family.
The Zohar is a basic work of Kabbalah authored by Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai and his students (2nd century CE). English translation of annotated selections by Rabbi Moshe Miller (Morristown, N.J.: Fiftieth Gate Publications, 2000) includes a detailed introduction covering the history and basic concepts of Kabbalah. Volume 1 (36 pp.) covers the first half of the first of the original’s three volumes. It is available online from our store, KabbalaOnline Shop.
Chok L'Yisrael is a daily study guide compiled by Rabbi Chaim Vital based on the weekly Torah Portion that includes sections of Torah, Prophets, Writings, Mishna, Talmud, Zohar, Jewish Law, and Jewish Ethics.
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